Camera & Sound part 3 – video company durban

Welcome to another blog from the no 1 durban video production. In the last blog we spoke about microphones and the right mic for your production. Today lets talk about the interview, which microphone is best.

At GCV Productions we film many interviews. Interviews are a great way to get information regarding the subject being filmed. Interview audio can act as a voice over for your video. At GCV Productions we film the interview and then film the visuals required relating to the interview.

What is the best microphone for the interview? It depends on many factors… a lapel microphone can be placed on the subject, lapels are a great way to get good clean audio provided there is not too much movement. Make sure the mic is placed properly on the subject to get a clean feed. Lapel microphones can be hidden on the subject ie. taped to the chest under the shirt. It is very important clothing does not rub up against the mic. Monitor audio very closely when using a lapel mic especially when placed under clothing. When using microphones always make sure you monitor your audio using good quality headphones.

Can I use shotgun mic to record interview?

Yes, a shotgun mic can be used, make sure mic can be placed as close to the subject without being in the shot. Point the mic straight at the subject, shotgun microphones are very directional. Keep the room noise levels down, shotgun microphones will pick up noise in the room. Ideally a shotgun mic is to be used in a quiet area and there is very little noise interference to the subject.

How to record interview if ambient noise is loud?

Lets give an example…you are asked to interview a sportsman at a stadium during a live sports event. There is a lot of noise and the cheering from the crowd is very loud! The best microphone for this example is to use a mic similar to part 2, a cardoid pick up pattern. This pattern allows ambient noise to be low while subjects voice is clear.

Patrick Lambie being interviewed by Supersport using a handheld microphone.

The above handheld microphone will pick up very little ambient noise from the stadium. The mic must be kept close to the subjects mouth. A lapel mic will not be ideal for this situation.

Lapel microphone

Above is a lapel microphone. These are great to free up the hands and keeps the mic at a constant good distance from the mouth. At GCV Productions we love the lapel microphone…we always get great quality sound from the lapel microphone. The lapel mic must be monitored as you will not know if the batteries have died because the battery pack clips onto the subject. ALWAYS MONITOR THE AUDIO FROM A LAPEL MICROPHONE

That’s it from GCV Productions, the no 1 Durban Video Company

Camera & Sound

Hi guys. Welcome to another blog from the best Durban Video Company. Today lets talk about how important good camerawork and sound is to quality videos. You want the viewer to be glued to your videos. In order to keep your viewer entertained make sure you start the process with good quality visuals and sound. Sound is a very challenging medium to work with. Quite often mistakes are made when recording audio in videos / films.

Let us look at the fundamental rules we need to follow when aiming to record good audio.

  1. Make sure you are using the right microphone for the job. How do you know which mic is right….we will discuss that here. Either a mic is seen or not seen, in other words your production requires the mic to be out of sight or it doesn’t. A mic out of sight might be a boom mic or a hidden lapel mic. A boom mic is often used on film sets operated by a boom operator and is often just out of sight of the camera view.
Boom operator on a film set

A lapel microphone can be used but limited to one person and a narrow pick up field. Pick up field is the area around the mic that can be picked up by the mic. The pick up area is very important to what sound sources are being recorded. A boom mic has a large ‘pick up field’ which can include a few actors in a room.

2. For good sound recording it is important to get rid of any surround noise. Surround noise can be traffic, wind, ambient sounds and alarms / telephones. Even fluorescent lights give off a hum and can be heard on some microphones. At GCV Productions we are often in retail stores and can hear drinks fridges in our recordings. Please have a look at the following clip and lets discuss why the handheld mic is chosen.

Lee from Boxer is using a Shure SM58 microphone, the reason for this choice of mic is to eliminate the background noise that happens in a retail store. The Shure SM58 does a great job eliminating surround noise that are not needed for this type of video. Lee could possibly get away with wearing a lapel microphone but we would need to be very careful of the other sounds nearby. Lets have a look at the pick up field for this particular microphone

Shure SM58 cardiod pickup pattern

Above is the pickup pattern for the Shure SM58. Any sound outside of that pattern will not be recorded unless it is very loud. GCV Productions uses the Shure SM58 for the best audio quality in our video productions.

Thank you for reading our blog. Please look out for Part 3 coming soon.

For any video / audio questions please contact Guy Crosbie on +27721281823 www.gcv.co.za

Basics for video filming

Hi guys. Welcome to another vlog from the number 1 Durban Video Production Company. Today lets talk about the basics to get video production right. Remember these points are from GCV that has been in the video business for 20 years.

GCV Productions, no 1 video company Durban

Camerawork

All video production begins with camera work ( if not writing a script or pre production). Today most cameras are filming in HD / 4K. Make sure the conditions are right before filming, some conditions we will look at is:

Lighting: Make sure you have sufficient light when filming. If ambient light is low you need to set up a light. Sunlight is great but watch out for shadows and silhouette. Cameras on auto will close the iris if the incoming light is bright. That means your subject will look silhouette / too dark with a bright background.

Try use a tripod if possible unless the camera has stabilisation. It’s nice for cameras to have a bit of movement but uncontrolled movement or shaky shots is jarring to the eye. Your video must be comfortable to watch for the viewer. Cameras zooming in can become very unsteady…the more you zoom in the more unsteady the camera becomes.

Get your camera close to the subject if you are using an on-board microphone. If you are unsure about camera settings you can get away with automatic camera settings when learning how to film. Also keep camera at eye level with the subject, once you are more confident with the camera you can include camera angles above or below the subjects eye line. Camera angles create mood, you will learn these as we go along with camera skills and shot motivation.

Eye level with the subject: keep camera eye level with the subject unless purposely wanting to shoot above or below the subject to create mood. Eye level is the most natural angle and the most comfortable on the eye.

Lighting is not required unless we do not have the required ambient light. Cameras on automatic will accommodate for low light but this might be risky as the shot can become grainy. Grain cannot be seen on small camera LCD screens but the grain will definitely appear on a bigger screen like a PC 21 inch screen or TV. Similar to camera angles, light can create mood. We will look at how lighting can be used to affect the mood of the shoot.

Please join us in Part 2 for “Camera and Sound”

Contact me at GCV Productions; www.gcv.co.za, guy@gcv.co.za.